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If it’s your first time at your office, we will need you to complete a health history form. For your convenience, you can fill out this secure form through our website.


Dental 101

+ What is tooth decay?

Plaque, a sticky film of bacteria, constantly forms on your teeth. when you eat or drink foods containing sugars or starches, the bacteria in plaque produce acids that attack tooth enamel. The stickiness of the plaque keeps these acids in contact with your teeth and after many such attacks, the enamel breaks down and a cavity forms.

+ How to prevent tooth decay?
  • Brush your teeth twice a day with a fluoridated toothpaste.
  • Clean between your teeth daily with floss or an interdental cleaner.
  • Eat a balanced diet and limit between meal snacks.
  • Visit your dentist regularly for professional cleanings and oral exams.
  • Ask your dentist about dental sealants, a protective plastic coating that can be applied to the chewing surfaces of the back teeth where decay often starts.
+ How does fluoride prevent dental decay?

Flouride is a mineral absorbed into and strengthens tooth enamel, and thereby preventing tooth decay.

+ What is the proper method of brushing?

Proper tooth brushing involves four things:

  • a soft toothbrush
  • toothpaste with fluoride
  • the correct brushing angle
  • brushing in a pattern
+ What causes bad breath?

There are a few different causes of bad breath ranging from stomach problems to diets and teeth problems. However, most of the causes can be found in the mouth, they are:

  • Tongue (an overabundance of bacteria growth in between the papilla)
  • Tooth decay (cavities)
  • Gum disease
  • Extraction sites during healing
  • Dentures when not cleaned properly
  • Alcohol and tobacco use

Your dentist will be able to confirm or rule out teeth or mouth as the source of bad breath. If you or someone you know is concerned about bad breath, the first step is a dental check up.

When the reason is found, treatment will be explained by your dentist. There is little chance that mouth washes or mints can treat the problem if the source of the bad breath is your mouth. They only can mask the problem for a short period of time. They can even sometimes make the situation worse. Mouthwashes that contain alcohol cause dry mouth and that usually makes the bad breath worse.

These are a few other, non-dental reasons that cause bad breath:

  • Sore throat
  • Tonsillitis
  • Some foods
  • Infection of air passages

Following a good oral hygiene routine and getting regular check ups with your dentist are best ways of preventing bad breath.

+ What is the proper method of flossing?

The best way to clean the surfaces between teeth is with flossing. The frequency of flossing is ideally one time a day.

To start, cut a piece of dental floss (approximately 2 feet). Wrap both sides of the floss around your middle fingers. Using your index and thumb move the floss in between all your teeth one by one. When flossing, make sure you are not cutting your gum. The goal is to clean the teeth surfaces and not the gum. In each space in between the teeth, press the floss against each tooth (hug the tooth) and gently move it up and down and then move to the opposite surface of the adjacent tooth.


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